Tuesday, December 13, 2011

The Song of the N. H. Volunteers: Captain Paul Whipple and the 7th Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers

 Captain Paul Whipple 
and the 
Seventh Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers

Regimental Colours after the war. National Archives.
Recruitment Poster

On December 13, 1861 Paul Whipple was first mustered into the First Regiment of NH Volunteers, for three months. After being mustered out when that unit was disbanded, he immediately enlisted in Company K of the 7th under Captain. W. E. F. Brown.  He was promoted to Sergeant and then First Sergeant shortly after “for good conduct and strict attention to duty”. 
Captain Paul Whipple, brother of J. R[eed]. and J[ames]. B. Whipple, who was born here in 1840, is another man eminent in another line. At twenty-one years of age he enlisted in Company K, Seventh New Hampshire Volunteers, served throughout the war, and was discharged captain in August, 1865. He at once returned south to Darlington, S. C, and with the aid of several hundred colored hands, men, women, and children, he cultivated his own plantation of 5,000 acres. On his estate are fifty cabins, a church, and school-house, for his help, for whom he supports a teacher and pastor. He has won the love of the Southerners who at first were his bitterest foes, and has been honored by them with public office.
From the Granite State Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine Devoted to History, Biography, Literature, and State Progress.  Volume XXII, Concord, N.H. Published by The Granite Monthly, 1897. 

Song of the New Hampshire Volunteers. 
By Marian Douglas.
Respectfully Dedicated to the Seventh New Hampshire Regiment.

From hill-top and mountain
We press to the fight;
Up, up with our Banner,
For God and the Right!
We dare not stay weakly
And trembling at home;
The moment for action,
For conflict, has come!

The fire sweeps the prairie,
The tempest the sea,
But nothing can conquer
The hearts of the free!

'Tis ours to keep burning,
On hill-top and glade,
The fire on the altars
Our fathers have made.
Our hearts beat together,
And shall to the last;
Who fears for the future,
That thinks of the past?

The fire sweeps the prairie,
The tempest the sea,
But nothing can conquer
The hearts of the free!

Then up with our Banner!
'Mid sunlight or shade,
Before we would suffer
Its brightness to fade,
Amid the wild tumult
Upon the red plain,
Our hearts, with their life-blood,
Would dye it again!

The fire sweeps the prairie,
The tempest the sea,
But nothing can conquer
The hearts of the free!

[Van Nostrand. New York, New York. 1862.]
Annie Douglas Green Robinson (a.k.a. 'Marian Douglas' 1842-1913) poet and author from Plymouth, New Hampshire. She published the collection of verse entitled Days we Remember (1903), and several works for children such as Picture Poems for Young Folks (1872) and Peter and Polly; or, Home Life in New England a Hundred Years Ago (1876).

Friday, December 2, 2011

Theodor Adorno on Theory and Practice.

Theodor Adorno, Self-portrait.

Theodor Adorno on Theory and Practice.
From Problems of Moral Philosophy.  Stanford University Press, 1995: 4-5. [Lectures: May 7, 1963 - July 23, 1963.]

"Ladies and Gentlemen, I urge you therefore to exercise a certain patience with respect to the relations between theory and practice.  Such a request may be justified because in a situation like the present - one about which I do not entertain the slightest illusion, and nor would I wish to encourage any illusion in you - whether it will be possible ever again to achieve a valid for of practice may well depend on not demanding that every idea should immediately produce its own legitimizing document explaining its own practical use.
The situation may well demand instead that we resist the call of practicality with all our might in order ruthlessly to follow through an idea and its logical implications so as to see where it may lead.  I would even say that this ruthlessness, the power of resistance that is inherent in the idea itself and that prevents it from letting itself be directly manipulated for any instrumental purposes whatsoever, this theoretical ruthlessness contains - if you will allow this paradox -- a practical element within it.  Today, practice - and I do not hesitate to express this in an extreme way - has made great inroads into theory, in other words, into the realm of new thought in which right behavior can be reformulated.  This idea is not as prardoxical and irritating as it may sound, for in the final analysis thinking is itself a form of behavior.  In its origins thinking is no more than a form in which we have attempted to master our environment and come to terms with it - testing reality is the name given by analytical psychology to the function of the ego and of thought - and it is perfectly possible that in certain situations practice will be referred back to theory far more frequently than at other times and in other situations.  At any rate, it does no harm to air this question.
It is no accident that the celebrated unity of theory and practice implied by Marxian theory and then developed above all by Lenin should have finally degenerated in [Stalinist] dialectical materialism to a kind of blind dogma whose sole function is to eliminate theoretical thinking altogether.  This provides an object lesson in the transformation of practicism into irrationalism, and hence, too, for the transformation of the practicism into a repressive and oppressive practice.  That alone might well be a sufficient reason to give us pause and not be in such haste to rely on the famous unity of theory and practice in the beleif that it is guaranteed and that it holds good for every time and place.  For otherwise you will find yourself in the position of what Americans call a joiner, that is to say a man who always has to join it, who has to have a cause for which he can fight.  Such a person is driven by his sheer enthusiasm for the idea that something or other must be done and some movement has to be joined about which he is deluded enough to believe that it will bring him a kind of hostility towards mind that necessarily negates a genuine unity of theory and practice."

Thursday, December 1, 2011

A rare victory against one of my chess programs. Nimzovich-Larsen Attack

White               Black
BRBIII -- Arasan 3.5 
[Nimzovich - Larsen Attack ECO A01]
New York City, August 5, 2011 (5 minutes per move)

1.P-QN3 P-K4 
2.B-N2 P-Q3 
3.P-K3 N-KB3
4.N-QB3 B-K2 
5.B-N5+ P-B3 
6.B-B4 P-Q4
7.B-K2 0-0

8.P-Q4 PxP 
9.QxP P-B4 
10.Q-Q1 N-B3
11.N-B3 P-Q5
12.PxP NxP 
13.NxN PxN
14.N-N1 B-QN5+ 
15.P-B3 PxP 
16.BxP QxQ+
17.KxQ N-K5 
18.BxB NxP+ 
19.K-K1 NxR 
20.BxR KxB
21.B-B3 B-B4 
22.N-B3 R-B1 
23.R-B1 B-Q2
24.N-K2 RxR+ 
25.NxR P-QN3 
26.K-B1 B-N4+
27.K-N1 N-N6 
28.PxN K-K2 
29.N-K2 K-B3 
30.K-B2 B-Q2 
31.N-Q4 P-QR4 
32.B-K4 K-K4 
33.K-K3 P-R3 
34.N-B3+ K-Q3 
35.K-Q4 P-QN4 
36.N-K5 B-K1 
37.P-R3 P-B3 
38.N-Q3 B-B2 
39.P-QN4 PxP

40.NxP B-K1 
41.N-B2 P-R4 
42.N-K3 P-N3 
43.N-Q5 P-B4
44.B-B3 B-B3 
45.N-B3 BxB 
46.PxB P-B5 
47.PxP K-B3 
48.K-K3 P-R5 
49.K-B2 K-B4

50.N-K4+ K-Q5 
51.N-Q6 K-B4 
52.N-N7+ K-B3
53.N-R5+ K-N3 
54.N-N3 K-B3 
55.K-N2 K-Q4
56.K-R3 K-B5 
57.N-B1 K-B6 
58.KxP K-N7
59.N-Q3+ K-N6 
60.K-N5 K-B5 and Black Resigns
"Nimzowitsch, along with other hypermodern thinkers such as Richard Reti, revolutionized chess, proving to the chess world that controlling the center of the board mattered more than actually occupying it. Nimzowitsch is also a highly-regarded chess writer, most famously for the 1925 classic My System, to this day regarded as one of the most important chess books of all time. Other books include Chess Praxis which further expounds the hypermodern idea, and the seminal work The Blockade explores the strategy implied by his famous maxim, "First restrain, then blockade, finally destroy!"
As a profound opening theoretician, Nimzowitsch has left a legacy of variations, many of which are still popular today. The Nimzo-Indian Defense (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4) is named after him, as are several variations of the French Defense. He also is credited in part for the Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein (B29) Variation (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nf6), the Nimzovich-Larsen Attack (A01) (1.b3), the Nimzowitsch Defense (1.e4 Nc6), and many others."
From The Games of Aron Nimzowitsch http://www.chessgames.comperl/chessplayer?pid=10249